WS-Discovery with WSO2 Carbon

WS-Discovery defines a protocol to locate web services on a network, more specifically in a SOA.
The newest release of WSO2 Carbon platform (version 3.0.0) provides a complete implementation of the WS-Discovery managed mode.
This post demonstrates an end-to-end workflow of WS-Discovery support in WSO2 Carbon. With WS-Discovery components for WSO2 Carbon, any Carbon server can act as a WS-Discovery client, a WS-Discovery proxy or a WS-Discovery target service. We will use three products from WSO2 Carbon product suite, namely WSO2 Governance Registry (G-reg), WSO2 ESB and WSO2 WSAS.
WSO2 G-reg acts as the central repository in which the discovered services and the related meta data are stored. WSO2 WSAS is used to host the target services. WSO2 ESB participates in the scenario as a discovery client which looks for services and endpoints.

Lets start with setting up the environment.


Install and run each product. In this demonstration, I will run G-reg in http port 9763 and https port 9443. WSAS on http port 9764 and https port 9444. ESB on http port 9765 and https port 9445. In this way, I can run all three products in single machine.

Step 1

As I explained initially, WSO2 Governance Registry acts as the discovery proxy. If you access the https://localhost:9443/services/DiscoveryProxy?wsdl, you will find out the wsdl of the discovery proxy service. Make a note of the DiscoveryProxy service endpoint (https://localhost:9443/services/DiscoveryProxy)

Step 2

Now, we need to configure WSAS instance, so that it takes part in service discovery scenario. WSAS is used to host target services. Therefore, it sends a unicast Hello messages to a Discovery Proxy when the services join a network. So, we must configure the Discovey Proxy service endpoint in WSAS.

Open WSAS_HOME/repository/conf/axis2.xml and add the following parameter.

<parameter name="DiscoveryProxy">https://localhost:9443/services/DiscoveryProxy</parameter>

Save the file and restart WSAS. This will enable WSAS to send unicast hello messages when the services are deployed.
Now, access the management console of WSO2 Governance Registry instance and go to Metadata-->List-->Services page. You will see that 3 discovered services are listed there.
These are the three default services included in WSAS. When starting WSAS, those three services have sent the hello messages to the discovery proxy and register them in G-reg.

Image:- Discovered services in G-reg

Now, log in to WSAS management console and deploy a new service. If you refresh the above service list page, you will see a new service is discovered by G-reg and it is assigned a unique service name.

Step 3

The third member participates in our scenario is WSO2 ESB, which acts as a discovery client. WSO2 ESB provides you with a user interface to mange the client aspects of WS-Discovery. Using that, you can connect to remote WS-Discovery proxies and probe them for any services and service endpoints which have been already discovered.

Log in to ESB management console and select Configure > WS-Discovery from the left navigation menu to access WS-Discovery Control panel.

Image:- WS-Discovery Control Panel in ESB

In order to connect to the remote DiscoveryProxy (in G-reg) and make use of the discovered services, we should configure a discovery proxy in ESB. Click on "Add Discovery Proxy" link to add a new proxy. You will be directed to discovery proxy settings screen in which you can give a name for the proxy and the remote DiscoveryProxy URL (In our case https://localhost:9443/services/DiscoveryProxy). You will be redirected to the home page of WS-Discovey Control Panel once the proxy is created. The created proxy will be listed in the control panel home page. Click on "View" to find the target services and endpoints discovered by the proxy. You will be directed to a page as shown below.

Here, you will see that 4 service are discovered and shown with a UUID and associated endpoints of each discovered service.
Click on a discovered service UUID. You will be directed to a new page with more information about the service. Using this page, either you can create an ESB endpoint or directly create an ESB proxy service referring to the discovered service.

We have seen the basic workflow of WS-Discovey implementation of WSO2 Carbon platform. If you have any issues with the above steps, drop me a mail or contact WSO2 ESB forum at


Jorge said…
Hi. This is a excellent post...but I have a problem with this configuration.

The scenario that I use is as follows:

I use the discovery feature from WSAS, the ESB and Greg, to create proxy services in the ESB.

The services deployed in WSAS are displayed in the Greg once I configured the service discovery, and also displayed in the ESB, with its UUID after performing this configuration:

From that UUID, I can create a service proxy, and that is where the proxy service endpoint that appears is

This endpoint is not useful to consume the service proxy, and I wonder if
it is a mistake in the configuration, although I have not changed
anything in the ESB, or a step I missed.


Popular posts from this blog

Common mistakes to avoid in WSO2 ESB - 1 - "org.apache.axis2.AxisFault: The system cannot infer the transport information from the URL"

Working with HTTP multipart requests in soapUI

How to configure soapUI to send HTTP chunked encoded requests